Going To Mars has been a subject of Science Fiction since 20th Century. The exploration of Mars has been a goal of national space programs for decades. Preliminary work for missions that would involve human explorers has been undertaken since the 1950s, with planned missions typically being stated as taking place 10 to 30 years in the future when they are drafted.
In the 2010s, numerous Chinese, European and American agencies are developing proposals for human missions to Mars. None have moved past the planning stages.
Though Many Proposals never get further, Now NASA has Decided to Go on a Manned Mission to Mars and its Confirmed it Officially on 27th of March.
NASA’s Manned Mission to Mars by 2030:
NASA is on a journey to Mars, with a goal of sending humans to the Red Planet in the 2030s. That journey is already well under way.
For decades, the agency and its partners have sent orbiters, landers and rovers, dramatically increasing our knowledge about the Red Planet and paving the way for future human explorers. The Curiosity rover has gathered radiation data to help us protect future astronauts, and the upcoming Mars 2020 rover will study the availability of Martian resources, including oxygen.
NASA Administrator Charles Bolden, a former space shuttle commander, said he envisioned becoming the first person to explore Mars when he checked in for astronaut training at Houston’s Johnson Space Center in 1980.
Back then, a crewed Red Planet mission was believed to be 30 years away, Bolden said. That proved to be an overly optimistic assessment, of course. But NASA’s current goal of getting astronauts to Mars in the 2030s is eminently achievable, Bolden added.
What NASA is Doing Currently for this Mission:
NASA is Developing an ORION Space Capsule Exclusively for this Mission:
A Capsule is a small spacecraft or the part of a larger one that contains the instruments or crew.
Orion (“o-rie-un”) is a new NASA spacecraft for astronauts. The spacecraft will play an important part in NASA’s journey to Mars. Orion will carry astronauts farther into the solar system than ever before.
Orion has three main parts. The upper section is the launch abort system or LAS; the crew module is the middle part and the service module is the lower portion of the spacecraft. Astronauts will sit in the middle section, the crew module. This will be their living quarters. If an emergency occurs during launch or the climb to orbit, the LAS would activate in milliseconds. It would propel the crew module away from the rocket to safety. The LAS looks like a tower on top of the crew module. Beneath the crew module is the service module. It holds the power and propulsion systems. Solar array panels on the service module will absorb sunlight to create electricity. This power will allow the spacecraft to remain in orbit for months at a time.
Credits : NASA
2. NASA is Developing SLS Launch Vehicle for this Mission:
NASA’s Space Launch System, or SLS, is an advanced launch vehicle for a new era of exploration beyond Earth’s orbit into deep space. SLS, the world’s most powerful rocket, will launch astronauts in the agency’s Orion spacecraft on missions to an asteroid and eventually to Mars, while opening new possibilities for other payloads including robotic scientific missions to places like Mars, Saturn and Jupiter.
Offering the highest-ever payload mass and volume capability and energy to speed missions through space, SLS is designed to be flexible and evolvable, to meet a variety of crew and cargo mission needs.
The Orion Will sit on the Top of this SLS.
Hopefully NASA will release the further information about this project in future and if this going to be hapen on 2030, it would be another greater leap for the Mankind.